He camped at the location of Malborghetto near Prima Porta, where remains of a Constantinian monument, the Arch of Malborghetto, in honour of the occasion are still extant.  Constantine is thought to have replaced the former imperial guards with a number of cavalry units termed the Scholae Palatinae. Toynbee. This site, created by Howard Kramer, is a combination travel blog and online guide to the world's greatest sites of religious interest (with some historic and recreational places thrown in for good measure). Milvian Bridge The Milvian Bridge is a bridge over the Tiber in northern Rome, Italy.It was an economically and strategically important bridge in the era of the Roman Empire and was the site of the famous Battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312, which led to the imperial rule of Constantine. Oktober 312 n. Chr.’. Here are some pics I took: Have a comment, a great photo or a religious site you'd like to nominate for the weekly spotlight? Once Severus arrived in Italy, however, his army defected to Maxentius. Last month, I visited one of the most fascinating churches I have ever been to, the almost completely ignored Basilica of St. Denis in the northern suburbs of Paris. Maxentius interpreted this prophecy as being favourable to himself. The City of Rome is overflowing with sites of Christian interest, from the Papal properties and the Vatican to the memorials and tombs of literally hundreds of Catholic saints. Zosimus mentions it, vaguely, as being constructed in two parts connected by iron fastenings, while others indicate that it was a pontoon bridge; sources are also unclear as to whether the bridge was deliberately constructed as a collapsible trap for Constantine's forces or not. 5,097,345. The most important ancient sources for the battle are Lactantius, De mortibus persecutorum 44; Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History ix, 9 and Life of Constantine i, 28–31 (the vision) and i, 38 (the actual battle); Zosimus ii, 15–16; and the Panegyrici Latini of 313 (anonymous) and 321 (by Nazarius). Ancient sources commenting on these events attribute this decision either to divine intervention (e.g. Constantine reached Rome at the end of October 312 approaching along the Via Flaminia. So very interesting! John Dickson on location: Milvian Bridge on Vimeo … Although Constantine was the son of the western emperor Constantius, the Tetrarchic ideology did not necessarily provide for hereditary succession. Thank you for visiting! The Battle of the Milvian Bridge took place between the Roman Emperors Constantine I and Maxentius on 28 October 312. Current location disabled. They also note that the day of the battle was the same as the day of his accession (28 October), which was generally thought to be a good omen. Tens of thousands of Christians were martyred during these early years, and millions more suffered fom cruelty and hardship. In 109 BCE it was rebuilt by censor Marek Emiliusz Skaurus. The Battle of the Milvian Bridge was fought between Constantine’s army and that of Maxentius. It lies along the Via Flaminia, three kilometres northwest of the city centre, 300 metres away from the Parco di Villa Glori. This was interpreted as a promise of victory if the sign of the Chi Rho, the first two letters of Christ's name in Greek, was painted on the soldiers' shields. The accounts of the two contemporary authors, though not entirely consistent, have been merged into a popular notion of Constantine seeing the Chi-Rho sign on the evening before the battle. The underlying causes of the battle were the rivalries inherent in Diocletian's Tetrarchy. The Milvian Bridge crosses the Tiber River near where it bends eastward on the north side of Rome. In the spring of 312, Constantine gathered an army of 40,000 soldiers and decided to oust Maxentius himself. , The next day, the two armies clashed, and Constantine won a decisive victory. The next day, Maxentius inexplicably led his army outside of Rome’s gates to meet Constantine in open battle rather than remain safely within the city walls. The Battle at the Milvian Bridge, after an unfinished painting by Le Brun, was meant to prove he had surpassed the famous version designed by Raphael for the Vatican in the early 16th century. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is the culmination of years of his work and passion. The bridge was built at the end of the 3rd century B.C., probably along the Via Flaminia road. he lost and drowned. , From Eusebius, two accounts of the battle survive. A lamppost on the center of the bridge may be found to be covered in padlocks, a relatively new phenomenon inspired by a recent popular Italian movie. Photo: Soblue, Public domain.  Maxentius' body was fished out of the Tiber and decapitated. Constantine’s army was made up of the British and the Gallic while Maxentius’ army was generally drawn from Rome. It is commonly understood that on the evening of 27 October with the armies preparing for battle, Constantine had a vision which led him to fight under the protection of the Christian God. According to chroniclers such as Eusebius of Caesarea and Lactantius, the battle marked the beginning of Constantine's conversion to Christianity. The first, shorter one in the Ecclesiastical History promotes the belief that the Christian God helped Constantine but does not mention any vision. Afterwards, Constantine became the undisputed ruler of most of the Roman Empire.  Constantine avoided conflict with both Maxentius and the Eastern emperors for most of this period. It was erected by the Roman Senate to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge in 312. Paul K. Davis writes, "Constantine’s victory gave him total control of the Western Roman Empire paving the way for Christianity to become the dominant religion for the Roman Empire and ultimately for Europe. The battle was one of a succession of victories that in AD 324 made Constantine master of the entire Roman Empire, but it is most famous for its link with his conversion to Christianity, which would prove to be one of the most important events in world history. At sight of that the battle grew hotter. RECENTS EDIT Done Delete All No Recent searches yet, but as soon as you have some, we’ll display them here. In an effort to stabilize the empire, he established the Tetrarchy, in which four emperors would rule jointly. File Battle Of Milvian Bridge Jpg Wikimedia Commons.  The official cults of Sol Invictus and Sol Invictus Mithras were popular amongst the soldiers of the Roman Army. Constantine easily defeated Maxentius’ forces in northern Italy, and then marched southwards to meet his enemy who was ensconced at Rome with a vastly superior force. " The following year, 313, Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan, which made Christianity an officially recognised and tolerated religion in the Roman Empire. as a solar halo phenomenon called a sun dog), which may have preceded the Christian beliefs later expressed by Constantine. Guards the southern end of the battle of the Tiber and decapitated the course you are in! 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