Besides a family history of learning disabilities, other risk factors include low birth weight, stress before or after birth… What causes birth defects?Genetic problems. Workers often use chemicals on the job or in the fields without being taught how to use them safely, or without even knowing if they are dangerous. They usually fall into one of two categories: Hereditary/Congenital – where a person has been born with a physical disability or developed one due to inherited genetic problems, has suffered an injury at birth, or has issues with their muscles. Birth defects may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors. However, if this support is not provided they may face problems in gaining independence or a home of their own, in accessing leisure and recreation activities, and/or in developing friendships and relationships. 1. In this article, we'll focus on a handful of causes of learning disabilities and briefly define them to give parents, teachers, and family members a greater understanding of how broad the realm of a learning disability really is. Birth defects of the face and mouth -- specifically, cleft palate and cleft lip -- were most common. Can stress cause birth defects? How early can birth defects be detected? Although not all of the 4000-plus birth defects will lead to a permanent disability, the presence of a birth defect does increase the odds. It is commonly associated with intellectual disabilities in infants. GDD describes a condition that occurs between birth and the age of 18 which prevents a child from reaching key milestones of development like learning to communicate, processing information, remembering things and organising their thoughts. The numbers known to learning disability services are much smaller: an estimated 236,235 people. For example, Down’s syndrome is classed as a learning disability, whereas dyslexia is classed as a learning difficulty, in that it only affects an individual’s relationship to the processing of information, usually manifested in problems with reading, writing, and spelling. Still other causes of intellectual disability do not occur until a child is older; these might include serious head injury, stroke, or certain infections. Causes of Maternal Disabilities Maternal disability (or morbidity) can be defined as any illness or injury caused or aggravated by pregnancy or childbirth. Intellectual disability (now the preferred term for mental retardation) is a disorder characterized by cognitive delays. Sometimes the specific cause is not known. Ideally, before you become pregnant, ... of the research and information on substance use targets mothers, some evidence suggests a father's drug use may also cause birth defects. This may occur before birth (prenatally), during birth, or in early childhood. Fragile X syndrome 4. Caused by injury Physical, mental and behavioural disabilities can occur after when a trauma or injury (such as falling from a height) affects the brain. Most cases of spina bifida are detected before birth. An inherited condition, meaning that certain genes passed from the parents affected the brain … Types of learning disabilities differ hugely. Take Recommended Vitamins and Meet Nutritional Needs . Smoking or chewing tobacco, breathing smoke, and drinking alcohol during pregnancy can also harm a child before she is born. They may not require any support from their local authority, or may just need support in managing their finances. Multiple research articles do specify that developmental disabilities acquired after birth most frequently arise from damage to the brain and spinal cord. 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